Skip to main content

Top 10 most revolutionary Nature articles of all time.

Template from Watson and Crick molecular Model, 1953.
Nature is one of the most recognizable and most cited scientific journals of the world with an impact factor of 43 (2018). Nature is edited and published in the United Kingdom by a scientific publishing company Springer Nature. Nature is a weekly journal. Being published in nature is very prestigious.
Recently, on 04 November 2019, Nature published the top 10 most influential nature papers of all time. Here is the list with no particular order.

 The structure of DNA:
On 25th April 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick announced in Nature that they had elucidated the structure of DNA.  In the early 1950s, the identity of genetic material was still a matter of debate. This discovery of the helical structure of double-stranded DNA settled the matter and change the history of biology forever.

The advent and rise of monoclonal antibodies:
In 1975, Georges Kohler and Cesar Milstein first report how cell lines could be made to produce an antibody of known specificity.

Cell identity reprogrammed:
In the 1940s, people believe that the differentiation of cells is irreversible. However, in 1950s, Gurdon and colleagues concluded through their research that Developmental clock can be This laid the foundation of modern methods of reprogramming cell identity and promising new regenerative therapies.

 Australopithecus provided insight into human evolution
In 1925, Raymond Dart published a report of an African fossil of a previously unknown genus Australopithecus. This the finding helps us understand how humans evolved after its split with apes in the evolutionary tree.

Discovery of Antarctic Ozone hole:
In 1985, Joe Farman and colleagues reported that the stratospheric ozone layer was only about two-thirds as thick as seen in earlier decades. The phenomenon became known as the Antarctic ozone hole. This discovery helped established one of the most successful global environmental policies of the twentieth century.

Discovery of patch-clamp techniques:
Initially, it was developed to record currents of ions flowing through channel proteins in the membranes of cells. The patch-clamp technique has become a true stalwart of the neuroscience toolbox.

Discovery of C60:
In 1985, scientists reported the discovery of cage-like carbon molecule C60. It paves the way for materials such as graphene and carbon nanotube and was a landmark in the emergence of nanotechnology.

Birth of class of nanomaterial:
In 1992, Kresge et el report a breakthrough in material science, a material that is regularly arranged with mesoscopic diameters (between 2 and 50 nanometres).

 Detection of strange particles:
In 1947, scientists first reported an unseen particle which is now called neutral kaon. This work led to the establishment of elementary particles known as quarks.

The first exoplanet found around a sun-like star:
In 1995, astronomers detected a blistering hot Jupiter mass planet orbiting closer to its hot star than the mercury is to the sun. This discovery recast our thinking of how planets form and let to a a new era of exoplanetary exploration.

References:
Nature,(2019)



Comments

Our top Stories

Normal human body temperature is not 37 degree celsius any more.

  It's not 37 degrees anymore.

Do you know what is the temperature of the human body? If your answer is 370C, you have missed the updated information. A scientist from Stanford has found that our body temperature has dropped by 0.6 0C since the civil war. Previously in the past, scientists have observed this change in our body temperature. But they could not believe the drop in temperature. So, they blame the thermometers for the discrepancy. But recent studies have confirmed that our body temperature has indeed dropped by 0.60C.
The reason behind the temperature dropped of our body The main reason is the reduction in the overall level of inflammation thanks to vaccines, antibiotics and quality water. When inflammation occurs, chemicals from the body's white blood cells are released into the blood or affected tissues to protect your body from foreign substances. This release of chemicals increases the blood flow to the area of injury or infection and result in warmth. Because of…

Type A blood converted to Universal donor, type O with bacterial enzymes.

Blood group A converted into group O by gut bacterial enzymes.

Blood transfusions are a daily routine procedure in hospitals. In a day, 16k liters of blood are transfused daily in the United States. Human being has four types of blood group- A, B, AB, O. Blood type A, B, and AB have their own antigens on their surface. Blood Antigens are basically a polysaccharide on the surface of red blood cells.  Type O does not have any antigens on their surface. The demand for blood all over the world is very high, especially during emergency surgeries and operations. Blood transfusion is only possible when the blood group of donor and recipient are matched. If they are not matched, the immune cells of the recipient will attack and destroy the RBCs of the donor. Blood group O does not have an antigen on their surface, thus making them transfusable to any recipient irrespective of the blood group of the recipient. Hence, Blood group 0 are called a universal donor. However, there is a shortage of …

Scientists just found out that the gut microbiota influences learning capacity.

The researchers found that manipulation of gut microbiota of mice shows a significant difference in learning in comparison with a mouse of the normal gut. Microbiota refers to a complex consortium of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. In mammals,

New Antibiotic discovered for the first time in 60 years in the nematode Photorhabdus.

A new antibiotic that selectively acts against Gram-negative bacteria have been discovered in the nematode, Photorhabdus. They named the antibiotic Darobactin.Darobactinis coded by a silent operon and has an unusual structure with two fused rings that are formed post-translationally. It is produced in very low quantity in laboratory conditions and is synthesized

Biodegradable burial pod turns your body into a tree.

Whenever a person dies, it is a burden for the family emotionally and financially. We spend thousands of dollars in funerals paying for the casket, flowers, and monuments. Environmentally, those caskets and monuments left behind an enormous carbon footprint.
Recently, many people have begun to embracethe idea of green burials. People are environmentally more aware and there is a shift from cremation and the use of wood, the synthetic cushioning and the metals generally used in traditional coffins to green burial. Green burial is a method of burying the body in a wooden coffin without a concrete burial vault. The body along with the wooden coffin is degraded easily by the bacteria in the soil. This type of burial allows the graveyard to return to nature. Nearly 54 percent of Americans are considering green burial and 74 percent of cemeteries are reporting an increased demand for green burial according to National Funeral Directors Association.
Italian designers, Raoul Bretzel and Anna Ci…